During my research on the topic I came across Judith Butler, she has dealt intensively with gender differentiation and particularly criticizes the division of two different gender roles.
Judith Butler is an American philosopher.
One of her most famous theories, which deals with gender differentiation is the "Queer Theory". In it, she criticizes the division into two different gender roles and the "bipolar Geschlechtlichkleit" that has arisen as a result. Because it becomes socially and psychologically relevant which category one is assigned to, the problem is that now the affected people are also confronted with special expectations. A deviation from this triggers negative reactions, which especially affects people who do not fit into these prefabricated categories.
According to Butler, gender identity is not something fixed and changes again and again in the course of life. She questions especially the bipolar categorization of man and woman, because if someone does not fit into this model, because he is for example homosexual, bisexual or transsexual, he is labeled by society as not "normal".
According to Judith Butler, we are not born as women or men but are made so by social norms.
In her book "The discomfort of the sexes" which appeared in 1990, she dealt in detail with the previously described problem.
She states that social and biological gender is a result of our social discourse. The creation of a two-part framework through the distinction of two sexes brought about a compulsory heterosexuality, which means that there is a normative idea that man and woman love each other, everything that deviates from this model falls out of the framework.
All in all, Judith Butler is concerned with breaking through the pigeonhole thinking that has arisen in society with regard to the sexes, and to carry out enlightenment in this problem, as well as to question the reason.
ELASTIC GENDER Christian Brand
MENTOR Professor Christian Bruns
3. SEMESTER BACHELOR
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